Sample Lesson Plans for Special Education

Welcome to our blog on Sample Lesson Plans for Special Education! Teaching students with exceptional needs can be both difficult and rewarding. These pupils possess unique capabilities and skills that can motivate us to think uniquely and imaginatively. However, knowing where to begin when developing successful lesson plans can be challenging.

Therefore, we have compiled a collection of effective sample lesson plans in special education classes. These strategies help you capitalize on your student’s abilities while addressing their unique needs. Therefore, you will find something useful here whether you are a novice educator or a seasoned professional. Please grab a cup of coffee, and let’s get started!

What Are the Parts of a Special Education Lesson Plan?

Typical components of a lesson plan for special education include the following:

  • Objectives: Articulated learning objectives that match the goals of the student’s individualized education program (IEP) and state and national standards such as those outlined by the National Center for Education Statistics.
  • Materials: A list of the necessary materials and resources for the lesson, including any technological or assistive devices.
  • Assessment: Observations, quizzes, and student-led demonstrations are examples of assessment methods used to evaluate student learning and progress. In this regard, a Functional Behavior Assessment can be useful in determining behavioral aspects of student performance.
  • Accommodations and modifications: Individually-tailored accommodations and adaptations to the lesson and evaluation, such as extra time, additional support, or different means of expressing comprehension.
  • Instructional strategies: A description of the instructional methods and activities that will facilitate student learning, including visual aids, hands-on activities, and technology. Collaborative Teaching can be effectively incorporated here to foster a more inclusive and supportive learning environment.
  • Differentiation: How the lesson will be diversified to accommodate the diverse requirements of the students, including revisions to the lesson’s content, instructional methods, and materials.
  • Closure: Students can apply the acquired knowledge or abilities in the future, as outlined in the lesson’s conclusion.
  • Reflection: A chance for the instructor to evaluate the session and make any required modifications for future instruction, a practice encouraged by professional development resources like Edutopia.

It is vital to note that a lesson plan for special education is not a one-size-fits-all approach and should be regularly reviewed and modified to match the students’ changing requirements.

How To Adapt a Lesson Plan for Students With Special Needs?

Make modifications to the lesson’s content, approach to instruction, and pedagogical tools to better serve students with special needs. For a more in-depth breakdown of the procedures, read on:

  1. Identify the specific needs of the students: Determine each student’s requirements, such as their learning styles, skill levels, and any necessary adaptations or accommodations. This is a vital phase since it will inform your decision on the best approach to learning, the most valuable resources to incorporate, and the most effective methods of assessment to apply.
  2. Choose appropriate teaching strategies: Use visual aids, hands-on activities, and technology in the classroom to reach students with various learning preferences. For instance, students who learn best through visuals can benefit from visual aids like diagrams, films, and photos. Sign language or closed captioning can help pupils who have trouble hearing.
  3. Adjust the content: Modify the text by simplifying the wording and dividing lengthy explanations into more understandable bits. Use examples from everyday life to help readers better understand the subject. Graphic organizers are another tool for assisting students in structuring their research.
  4. Incorporate accommodations and modifications: Give them more time, help, or methods to communicate their comprehension. For instance, if a student has a physical impairment, you can provide them with a specially designed keyboard and mouse. Students who have trouble reading can benefit from text-to-speech software.
  5. Use various assessment techniques: Make sure every student is being stretched and supported by gauging their progress in several ways, such as through direct observation, portfolios, and student-led demonstrations. Student’s grasp of the material can be evaluated in several ways, including triple-choice, short-answer, and open-ended questions.
  6. Continuously monitor and adjust: Always check how things are going and change the lesson plan to ensure everyone’s requirements are addressed. This is a critical stage since it enables you to pinpoint problem areas for your students and make appropriate improvements.
  7. Be inclusive: Ensure the lesson is welcoming and accommodating to all pupils. This is a vital stage because it will allow you to make the classroom a welcoming and safe place for all kids, regardless of their strengths and weaknesses.

In conclusion, modifying a curriculum for students with unique needs requires considerable forethought and organization. However, take the time to consider your students’ backgrounds, interests, and learning styles. You can design a lesson that is accessible to all learners and encourages them to reach their most significant potential.

Examples of Special Education Lesson Plans

A lesson plan for a student with autism on identifying emotions:

Objective: The learner will be able to recognize and label basic emotions (happiness, sadness, anger, surprise, etc.) in oneself and others.

Materials: Flashcards depicting people exhibiting various emotions, a whiteboard with markers, and a mirror.


  • Using flashcards, introduce the concept of emotions and the names of basic emotions.
  • Have the kid practice recognizing and labeling emotions in the flashcard images.
  • Have the learner practice identifying and categorizing their emotions by making facial expressions in front of a mirror.
  • Have the learner practice recognizing and labeling emotions in others by observing and discussing their peers’ behavior.

A lesson plan for a student with dyslexia on decoding words:

Objective: Students can decode simple phrases using phonics and blending techniques.

Materials: List of simple words, whiteboard with markers, and phonics flashcards.


  • Introduce the student to the phonics flashcards and have them practice pronouncing the letters.
  • Have the kid hear the letters and blend them to read a simple word on the whiteboard.
  • Repeat this procedure with a list of easy words, progressively increasing the difficulty level.
  • Provide many opportunities for the student to independently and with help practice deciphering words.

These are merely examples, and lesson plans should be tailored to each student’s unique requirements and talents.

Do Special Education Teachers Write Lesson Plans?

As with any other subject area, special education teachers must ensure that their lessons align with district and state requirements. Lesson plans like this help teachers and students by outlining what will be covered in a given class, how that content will be delivered, and who will evaluate student progress. Download the special education lesson plans pdf.

However, teachers in special education may need to adjust their lessons better to serve their pupils’ needs in exceptional circumstances. A particular education instructor may need to modify the lesson plan by introducing strategies like additional time, visual aids, or reduced language to help a student with learning difficulties. Teachers in special education may employ a wide variety of innovative methods to help their pupils learn, including incorporating technology, using hands-on materials, and even using physical activity.

Teachers in special education need to modify lessons to accommodate their students’ unique requirements, keep a careful eye on their students’ development, and make adjustments as necessary. To guarantee that their pupils are progressing and achieving the goals set out in their IEPs, they may need to provide extra help or adjust how they teach. You can find free special education lesson plans and special education lesson plans for life skills online.

Special education teachers develop lesson plans like any other teacher. Still, they may need to adapt them to accommodate the specific learning styles and challenges of their students with disabilities, and they must constantly evaluate and improve their methods and strategies. You should know the modified lesson plans for special education.

About Us:

Jennifer Hanson is a dedicated and seasoned writer specializing in the field of special education. With a passion for advocating for the rights and needs of children with diverse learning abilities, Jennifer uses her pen to educate, inspire, and empower both educators and parents alike.

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