Six Pillars of Special Education

Welcome to our most recent blog article, in which we will explore the six pillars of special education that make it a unique and crucial area. These pillars, often known as the Six Key Components of Special Education, offer the framework for comprehending and meeting the varied needs of students with disabilities. These include evaluation, instruction, transition, family-professional relationships, and technology. Whether you are a parent, a teacher, or simply someone interested in learning more about special education, this article will provide excellent knowledge of the essential features that make it vital for the students it serves. Please grab a cup of coffee, make yourself at home, and join us as we discuss the Six Pillars of Special Education.

What Are the Six Pillars of Special Education?

The Six Key Components of Special Education, commonly known as the Six Pillars of Special Education, provide the framework for comprehending and addressing the different needs of students with disabilities. These six pillars of special education consist of the following:

  • Assessment: This pillar evaluates students’ abilities, needs, and strengths to build a suitable educational plan. This includes establishing the student’s intellectual, social, and emotional needs and diagnosing their disability. One of the six pillars of special education is assessment.
  • Instruction: This pillar focuses on the methods and materials to instruct students with impairments. It involves adjusting the curriculum, altering education, and employing suitable teaching practices to fit each student’s requirements. The importance of evidence-based practices in this pillar cannot be overstated.
  • Family-Professional Partnerships: This pillar highlights the significance of involving parents and families in the educational process. It acknowledges that parents and families play an essential role in promoting student learning and that effective communication and collaboration between educators and families are crucial to student achievement.
  • Transition: This pillar addresses the movement of students with disabilities from one educational environment to another, such as elementary school to middle school or high school to postsecondary education or employment. It comprises planning, preparation, and assistance to enable a student’s smooth transition.
  • Technology: This pillar emphasizes the significance of using technology in educating kids with disabilities. This includes assistive technology, such as devices or software, that can aid students with impairments in accessing the curriculum and use technology to improve instruction and communication. Here, the Universal Design for Learning plays a crucial role.
  • Services and Supports: This pillar describes the various services and supports offered to kids with impairments, including counseling, occupational therapy, and speech therapy. In addition, it addresses the student’s physical and emotional health and social and recreational requirements. This is one of the six pillars of special education.

These six pillars are vital for providing students with disabilities with a proper education and addressing their needs. Together, they serve as the basis for comprehending and enhancing special education programs and services. Those are the six pillars of special education.

What Are the Core Elements of Special Education?

Special education is based on the following tenets:

  • Individualized Education Program (IEP): An IEP is a written document that details a student’s unique educational requirements and the services and modifications that will be implemented to help them succeed. Professionals and the student’s parents or guardians work together to create the IEP and review and revise it regularly. For more details on IEPs, you may refer to
  • Evidence-based instruction: Evidence-based education is the practice of imparting knowledge in ways that are successful in studies. This involves adapting the curriculum and interventions to each student’s strengths and weaknesses. For more information on evidence-based practices in education, refer to Edutopia’s guide.”
  • Collaboration and communication: Teachers, parents, and other professionals in special education must be able to communicate and work together effectively to provide the best possible education for students with disabilities. Meetings and updates to the student’s Individualized Education Program (IEP) will be held regularly and communicated to the parents.
  • Access to the general curriculum: A central goal of special education is guaranteeing equal academic access for children with and without impairments. Adapting the curriculum and its teaching may be necessary to ensure the student’s participation and success.
  • Positive behavior support: Positive behavior support is the application of tried-and-true methods to reinforce appropriate actions and discourage undesirable ones. This includes reinforcing good behavior and developing the right social skills.
  • Transition planning: Special education services incorporate transition planning to ease changing schools for students with special needs. Preparation for life after high school, the workforce, and self-sufficiency fall under this category.
  • Assistive technology: Access to the curriculum and classroom participation is facilitated through assistive technology, an integral aspect of special education for children with disabilities. Tools that can aid children with impairments in reading, writing, communicating, and gaining access to information fall under this category.
  • Services and supports: Various services and supports are incorporated into special education plans. Services such as psychotherapy, OT, PT, and speech and language pathology fall under this umbrella.

Special education is a broad and intricate discipline in which students’ needs and strengths must be considered while designing a curriculum and implementing instructional strategies. You should download the Principles of Special Education pdf.

The Six Pillars of Character in Special Education

The Six Pillars of Character can play a significant role in special education by assisting kids with disabilities in developing healthy social and emotional skills. The six pillars may be applied as follows to special education:

  • Trustworthiness: Students in special education may need specialized teaching to comprehend and demonstrate honesty and reliability in their relationships with others.
  • Respect: Students in special education may benefit from learning skills for demonstrating respect and comprehending the emotions of others, particularly those with differing abilities or impairments.
  • Responsibility: Students in special education may require additional support and supervision to comprehend and complete their classroom and community obligations.
  • Fairness: Students in special education may need to learn and practice right in their interactions with others, especially if they have been mistreated.
  • Caring: Special education kids may require more training and assistance to comprehend and express empathy and compassion for others.
  • Citizenship: Students in special education may require additional training and assistance to become engaged and responsible community members and to participate in activities that contribute to the common good.

The Six Pillars of Character can give special education teachers and other professionals a valuable foundation for working with students with disabilities. By stressing these pillars and providing specialized instruction and assistance in each area, educators may assist kids with disabilities in developing the necessary social and emotional skills for school and life success.

What Are the Principles of IDEA?

The federal government has established guidelines for educating kids with disabilities under the Individuals Education Act (IDEA). Some of IDEA’s guiding concepts are as follows:

  • Non-Discrimination: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) guarantees all children the right to a free and appropriate public education regardless of their ability to pay.
  • FAPE: IDEA ensures that all students with disabilities, regardless of the nature or severity of their disability, have access to free and adequate public education (FAPE).
  • LRE: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) mandates that students with disabilities get an education in the LRE.
  • Individualized Education Program (IEP): The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) mandates that every student with a disability have an individualized education plan (plan) that takes into account the student’s unique strengths, weaknesses, interests, and areas for improvement.
  • Parent and Student Participation: It is a mandate of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) that both the student’s parents and the student be involved in creating and implementing the student’s Individualized Education Program (IEP).
  • Appropriate Evaluation and Assessment: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) mandates that children with disabilities receive an adequate evaluation and assessment in all areas connected to their disability to receive the necessary special education and related services.
  • Transition Planning: To ensure that students with disabilities are ready for postsecondary education, employment, and independent living, IDEA mandates that transition planning begin no later than age 16.
  • Procedural Safeguards: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) includes certain legal protections designed to shield the rights of students with disabilities and their families throughout the unique education process.

So, those are the six pillars of IDEA. For students with disabilities, the ultimate goal of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is to provide them with an appropriate education tailored to their requirements that will set them up for a lifetime of success. Download the six principles of IDEA pdf and 6 Principles of idea Quizlet.

The Definition of Free Appropriate Public Education

Free Adequate Public Education (FAPE) is a tenet of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) that ensures students with disabilities have access to free, individualized, and appropriate public education. “Free” refers to providing education at no cost to the student or their family. The term “suitable” alludes to the idea that instruction must be tailored to the student’s unique requirements and objectives and be calculated to offer educational value. You should know the IDEA special education.

FAPE is a fundamental right of students with disabilities, and it mandates that schools provide specialized instruction, related services, and supplementary aids and services to ensure that students with disabilities have the same opportunity to benefit from their education as their peers without disabilities. This encompasses special education, related services, and accommodations such as curriculum modifications and assistive technologies.

The purpose of FAPE is to ensure that students with disabilities have access to the same educational opportunities as their non-disabled classmates so that they can attain their full potential. This involves preparing students for college, work, and independent living.

About Us:

Jennifer Hanson is a dedicated and seasoned writer specializing in the field of special education. With a passion for advocating for the rights and needs of children with diverse learning abilities, Jennifer uses her pen to educate, inspire, and empower both educators and parents alike.

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